Sexual abuse can include both touching and non-touching behaviors. In general, no thought is given to what effect this behavior may have on the child. The abuser does not care about the reactions or choices of the child. Researchers estimate that about one out of six boys and one out of four girls have been sexually abused. Children respond to sexual assault in many different ways. It depends on their age, gender, personality and family circumstances.
If a child says she or he has been abused, the first thing to remember is to try to stay calm. You need to reassure the child that what happened is not his or her fault, and that you believe them. That you are proud he or her had the courage to tell you, and that you are there to keep him or her safe.