Mental Health Medical Conditions

Being educated on the topic of mental health is the first step to being an advocate for – and breaking the stigma around – children's mental health. Learn more about mental health medical conditions.

What is Addiction?

Traditionally, addiction refers to the excessive use of substances. Today addiction refers to a wider range of compulsive behaviors in children and adolescents.

Learn more about addiction from the experts at Nationwide Children's Hospital.

What are Adjustment Disorders?

An adjustment disorder is an unhealthy reaction to a stressful event or change in a person’s life. The response happens within three months of the stressful event.

Learn more about adjustment disorders from the experts at Nationwide Children’s Hospital.

What is Anorexia Nervosa?

Anorexia nervosa is one type of eating disorder in which a person severely limits the amount of food he or she eats to prevent weight gain or lose weight.

Learn more about anorexia nervosa from the experts at Nationwide Children's Hospital

What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?

Young people with ADHD have a tendency to act without thinking. They tend to have a high energy level, and have trouble focusing on the task before them.

Learn more about ADHD from the experts at Nationwide Children's Hospital.

What Is Autism?

Autism, also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder. It hinders a child’s ability to communicate and interact socially. It also impacts thinking and behavior.

Learn more about autism from the experts at Nationwide Children's Hospital.

What is Bulimia Nervosa?

Bulimia nervosa is one type of eating disorder in which a person regularly eats excessive amounts of food and then attempts to eliminate the consequences of overeating in various ways.

Learn more about Bulimia nervosa from the experts at Nationwide Children's Hospital.

What are Disruptive Behavior Disorders?

Disruptive behavior disorders (DBD) can seriously impact a child’s daily life. Children with disruptive behavior disorders show ongoing patterns of uncooperative and defiant behavior.

Learn more about disruptive behavior disorders from the experts at Nationwide Children's Hospital.

What are Disruptive, Impulse Control, and Conduct Disorders?

Disruptive, impulse control and conduct disorders involve problems with controlling emotions and behaviors, which results in behaviors that violate the rights of others.

Learn more about disruptive, impulse control and conduct disorders from the experts at Nationwide Children's Hospital.

What are Learning Disorders?

A learning disorder is when a child has trouble learning in certain school subjects. The problem is bad enough to interfere with school or everyday activities.

Learn more about learning disorders from the experts at Nationwide Children's Hospital.

What are Motor Disorders?

Motor disorders are a subcategory of neurodevelopmental disorders that begin early in development. These behaviors can have physical and social consequences.

What are Personality Disorders?

A personality disorder is an enduring pattern of thinking, feeling and behaving that is different from expectations of the culture, causes distress or problems functioning and lasts over time.

What is Self-Harm?

Self-harm is the act of physically hurting oneself without the intent to die. It is a sign of emotional distress and shows that a person has a lack of healthy coping skills.

What is Sexual Abuse?

Sexual abuse can include both touching and non-touching behaviors. In general, no thought is given to what effect this behavior may have on the child.

Learn more about sexual abuse from the experts at Nationwide Children's Hospital.